Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Myrmecochory (Ant farming)

​Myrmecochory refers to a symbiotic relationship between ants and some plants, including violets, anemonies, bloodroot and trilliums.

Myrmecochorous plants produce seeds with external appendages or food bodies called elaiosomes. The seed with its attached elaiosome is known as a diaspore.

Foraging ants carry diaspores back to the ant colony where the elaiosomes are eaten or fed to ant larvae, after which the seeds are usually discarded in underground middens where they germinate.