Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Coltsfoot
Tussilago farfara

Family: Composite/Aster
Introduced

Perennial
Blooms: very early spring.
Habitat: Damp, disturbed places
​Height: Up to 45 cm
​Width of flower: 2.5 cm

​Flower heads close at night and open when warmed by the sun.

​The disk flowers are male, producing pollen and nectar; the ray flowers have female parts.






Pollinated by bees; can also self-pollinate. After it has been fertilized, flower head closes and droops. 



























​​
Common name pertains to the shape of the leaves (10-20 cm wide) which  appear after flowers have bloomed.




















Seed-head is fuzzy; seeds are dispersed by wind.  Plant can also spread by underground runners.